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Logical Electronic ==>

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Memory : Memory With Moving Parts

Memory : Read-Only Memory

Memory : Historical,Nonmechanical Memory Technologies

Memory : Modern Nonmechanical Memory

Memory : Digital Memory Terms And Concepts

Memory : Why Digital?

DIP Gate Packaging

Constructing The NOR Function

Constructing The OR Function

Constructing The NAND Function

Constructing The AND Function

Constructing The "Buffer" Function

Constructing The NOT Function

Tristate Buffer Gate

Special Output Gates

CMOS Bilateral Switch

Buffered And Unbuffered Gates

CMOS OR Gate

CMOS NOR Gate

CMOS AND Gate

CMOS NAND Gate

CMOS Gate Circuitry

Negative Binary Numbers

Binary Addition

Sequential Logic Devices

Boolean Algebra

Digital Computing

Up Down Counter Application

Synchronous Counters

Asynchronous Counters

Binary Count Sequence

Special Output Gates

TTL NOR And OR Gates

TTL NAND And AND Gates

The Negative-OR Gate

The Negative-AND Gate

The NOR Gate

Exclusive-NOR (XNOR) Gate

Switching Logic And Circuits

Hexadecimal Numbers System

Logic - Binary Functions

The Exclusive-OR ( XOR ) Gate

The NAND Gate

The NOT Gate

The OR Gate

The AND Gate

Digital Logic Electronic

47 topics total

Memory : Read-Only Memory

Memory : Historical,Nonmechanical Memory Technologies

Memory : Modern Nonmechanical Memory

Memory : Digital Memory Terms And Concepts

Memory : Why Digital?

DIP Gate Packaging

Constructing The NOR Function

Constructing The OR Function

Constructing The NAND Function

Constructing The AND Function

Constructing The "Buffer" Function

Constructing The NOT Function

Tristate Buffer Gate

Special Output Gates

CMOS Bilateral Switch

Buffered And Unbuffered Gates

CMOS OR Gate

CMOS NOR Gate

CMOS AND Gate

CMOS NAND Gate

CMOS Gate Circuitry

Negative Binary Numbers

Binary Addition

Sequential Logic Devices

Boolean Algebra

Digital Computing

Up Down Counter Application

Synchronous Counters

Asynchronous Counters

Binary Count Sequence

Special Output Gates

TTL NOR And OR Gates

TTL NAND And AND Gates

The Negative-OR Gate

The Negative-AND Gate

The NOR Gate

Exclusive-NOR (XNOR) Gate

Switching Logic And Circuits

Hexadecimal Numbers System

Logic - Binary Functions

The Exclusive-OR ( XOR ) Gate

The NAND Gate

The NOT Gate

The OR Gate

The AND Gate

Digital Logic Electronic

47 topics total

If we examine a four-bit binary count sequence from 0000 to 1111, a definite pattern will be evident in the "oscillations" of the bits between 0 and 1:

Keywords : Signal, Counter, Binary, Count, Jk, Flip, Flop, Squence, Number, Digital, Electronic, Elektronic, Elektronik
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**Writer : delon** |

Note how the least significant bit (LSB) toggles between 0 and 1 for every step in the count sequence, while each succeeding bit toggles at one-half the frequency of the one before it. The most significant bit (MSB) only toggles once during the entire sixteen-step count sequence: at the transition between 7 (0111) and 8 (1000).

If we wanted to design a digital circuit to "count" in four-bit binary, all we would have to do is design a series of frequency divider circuits, each circuit dividing the frequency of a square-wave pulse by a factor of 2:

J-K flip-flops are ideally suited for this task, because they have the ability to "toggle" their output state at the command of a clock pulse when both J and K inputs are made "high" (1):

If we consider the two signals (A and B) in this circuit to represent two bits of a binary number, signal A being the LSB and signal B being the MSB, we see that the count sequence is backward: from 11 to 10 to 01 to 00 and back again to 11. Although it might not be counting in the direction we might have assumed, at least it counts!

Keywords : Signal, Counter, Binary, Count, Jk, Flip, Flop, Squence, Number, Digital, Electronic, Elektronic, Elektronik

11 Oct 2006 Wed

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