JFET The Junction Field Effect Transistor

In a junction field-effect transistor (JFET), the electrons do not cross the p-n junction but, rather, flow from the source to the drain along a so-called n-channel, which is formed between two p-type materials (Fig).

Jfet pnp.JPG EFCCF

The n-channel is considered the output section of the transistor, and the gate-to-source p-n junction is the input section.

 In a typical JFET circuit (Fig. 1.18), where the transistor functions as a digital switch, the voltage supply  VSD is applied across the (–) source and the (+) drain terminals, through a load resistor RL. The input voltage VGS is connected between the gate and source terminals with the negative polarity on the gate. With a reversed bias input voltage, the effect of the electric field creates depletion areas around the two p-n junctions, which are characteristically devoid of electrons. As the input voltage increases, the depletion areas penetrate deeper toward the center of the channel, restricting the electron flow between the source and the drain (Fig).

JFET functioning as off switch.JPG E9472

If the input voltage is large enough, the depletion areas will totally fill the nchannel, choking off the flow of electrons. Reducing the input voltage VGS to zero, the depletion areas disappear, and the n-p channel is wide open, with very low resistance; thus, the electron flow rate will be at its maximum. When the JFET transistor is used as a linear amplifier, the input voltage variation will have an equivalent effect on the current flow in the n-channel and cause an output voltage gain across the source and drain terminals.

Keywords : JFET, FET, Junction, field, effect, Transistor
Writer : delon  |
19 Feb 2011 Sat   
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