Opamp Active Filters

An active filter is a type of analog electronic filter, distinguished by the use of one or more active components i.e. voltage amplifiers or buffer amplifiers. Typically this will be a vacuum tube, transistor-or operational amplifier.

active filter Op-amp

There are two principal reasons for the use of active filters. The first is that the amplifierr powering the filter can be used to-shape the filter's response, e.g., how quickly and how steeply it moves from its passband into its stopband. (To-do this passively, one must use inductors, which tend to pick-up surrounding electromagnetic signals and are often quite physically large.) The second is that-the amplifier powering the filter can be used to buffer the filter from the electronic components it drives. This is often necessary so that they do not affect the filter's actions.

There are several varieties of active filter. Some of them, also available in passive form, are:

High-pass filters – attenuation of frequencies below their cut-off points.
Low-pass filters – attenuation of frequencies above their cut-off points.
Band-pass filters – attenuation of frequencies both above and below those they allow to pass.
Notch filters – attenuation of certain frequencies while allowing all others to pass.


Keywords : Opamp, Op-amp, Active, Filters, Amplifier, Amplificator, Amplification
Writer : delon  |
13 Mar 2006 Mon   
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